Scandinavian homes and their styles

All that colors in gray tones and minimalist styles.

As first impression you can say it’s boring but it is not at all boring with those glorious grey tones, cozy chairs fluffy rugs designed all in one has it’s own atmosphere.

Scandinavian design is characterized by simplicity, minimalism and functionality that exist in 1950’s in the five Nordic countries of Finland,Norway,Sweden,Iceland and Denmark. the concept of Scandinavian design has been the subject of many scholarly debates, exhibitions  and marketing agendas since the 1950’s.The Scandinavian Homes were not always in minimalist style.Let’s go back to analyse the medieval Scandinavian architecture.

The major aspects of Medieval Scandinavian Architecture are boathouses, religious buildings and general buildings.

Boathouses are the buildings used to hold Viking Ships during the winter and any time they could not sail.They were usually built slightly back from the waterline.They were dug into the ground as well as built up.They had to be extremely long because the Viking Ships could be 25 meters long or longer.The walls were made of wood with stones piled up at the base.Each held one ship only,but many boathouses could be built next to each other.

A boathouse is a building especially designed for the storage of boats,normally smaller craft for sports or leisure use. In Scandinavia, the boathouse is known as a naust, a word deriving from Old Norse naverstad. These were typically built with stone walls and timber roofs and would be either open to the sea or provided with sturdy doors. The floors would be a simple continuation of the beach sand or rock, or they might be dug down to permit a boat to sail into the boathouse.

boathouse
Boathouses in Denmark

As many examples as boathouses in Denmark,Sweden or Norway we can connect Medieval Viking Ship houses with Religious building which are strictly connected to each other.These Religious Building known as Ritual Houses were the religious buildings before Christians came to Scandinavia. Early ritual houses were simple wooden buildings not much different from other buildings. Ritual houses were a place to display the weapons of defeated enemies. But as time went on, they got more complex. They became imitations of churches. They often had multi – layer roofs with decorations on the peaks. The entrances were also ornamented with decorated columns. Most rituals (slaughtered and burnt animal sacrifices) took place outside, so the majority of the decorations were on the outside.

Viking-Village-

General buildings These buildings were built of wood, usually logs similar to “Lincoln Logs” or log – cabin style. The roofs were covered in dirt to keep the heat inside the house, and grass was planted in the dirt on the roof to keep it from eroding away. These buildings were for farming the rough steep fjords. The buildings for farms were split into two parts, Innhus and Uthus. The Innhus was for food storage, sleeping and living. The Uthus were the buildings for animals, tools and animal fodder (animal food), in other words,the Uthus were the barns and silos.

One final description.115598584_large_Stavkirka_v_Borgunde_karkasnuye_derevyannuye_cerkvi_norvegii_4

 

 

 

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